CONTROL OF NDDC: Battle shifts to NASS

Going by the pronouncement of Senate President Ahmed Lawan, penultimate Tuesday, the Dr. Pius Odubu-led 15-man Niger Delta Development Commission, NDDC, Board, confirmed November 5 by the Senate, would have since taken over the interventionist agency from the Interim Management Committee, IMC, but 10 days after, it is palpable that something is amiss. Continue reading …

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NSIL and International Law at a Crossroad: The Critical Foreign Policy Implications for Nigeria

By Bola A. Akinterinwa When the Nigerian Society of International Law (NSIL) focused its attention on ‘Security, Human Trafficking and International Law’ at its 41st Annual Conference, held in Benin, Edo State, in 2018, it did not quickly foresee that International Law might be moving fast towards a crossroads. The concerns then were essentially about …

Read moreNSIL and International Law at a Crossroad: The Critical Foreign Policy Implications for Nigeria

A Strong Endorsement for e-Voting

The manual voting system is too vulnerable to abuse. Electronic voting will help in conducting peaceful and transparent elections Advocates of electronic voting in Nigeria got a strong endorsement on Friday from former President Goodluck Jonathan. Describing the violence that preceded yesterday’s gubernatorial elections in Kogi and Bayelsa States as rather ‘disturbing’, he said things …

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REJOICE: 12 hours praise not enough (Pt1)

The word praise comes from the Latin word translated “price,” or “value,” and may be defined generally as an ascription of value or worth. Praise may be bestowed upon unworthy objects or from improper motives, but true praise consists in a sincere acknowledgment of a real conviction of worth. Continue reading REJOICE: 12 hours praise …

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Expert identifies solution to energy crisis

Ambrose Nnaji   Founder, SmartFlow Technologies Limited, Dolapo Adeyeye has identified automation, digitalisation and smart solutions as criteria for the growth of oil and gas business in the country. Adeyeye, who spoke with The Nation exclusively on the sideline of the just concluded Oil Trading & Logistics (OTL) Expo 2019, in Lagos said the company …

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Appeal Court judgment, Makinde and Oyo’s medley of songs

Moses Alao On October 29, Governor Seyi Makinde ticked off the fifth month on the 48-month calendar of the administration’s term of four years. On that day, there were no drums or fanfare, as not much attention is given to landmarks like five months in office. But there were songs, even if they were acapella. …

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Ondo 2020: Why I’m challenging Akeredolu

Following his recent endorsement by socio-political group, Ondo State Youth for Good Governance (OSYGG), Adeyinka Egunjobi, who had contested for the ticket of Akoko North East state constituency, has opened up to Taiwo Alimi on his ambition for the governorship seat and why Ondo APC needed a breathe of new life During the last Ondo …

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PDP needs to show more seriousness – Adiukwu

Oluremi Adiukwu is a frontline female politician and chieftain of the ruling All Progressives Congress (APC). Formerly of the opposition Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), she dumped the party a couple of years back and pitched her tent with the APC, citing as reason, the failure of her former party to put its house in order …

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Association unveils agricultural machines

Our Reporter   Local rice processing has received a major boost with the introduction of Rice De-Stoner, Castor Oil De-Husking Machine and Automatic machines by the Nigerian Association of Technologists in Engineering (NATE) Lagos Branch. The invention was carried by the Association in collaboration with the Federal Institute of Industrial Research (FIIRO) Oshodi, Lagos. Justifying …

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Naija News

The Federal Republic of Nigeria is a West African country.

Countries bordering Nigeria include the Republic of Niger to the north, the Republic of Chad to the northeast, Cameroon to the east, and Benin to the west.

The southern part of the country lies on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean.

Nigeria has had inhabitants for thousands of years.

The country's other moniker is the "Giant of Africa" due to its economic importance and large population.

Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and the seventh most populous country in the world.

The country is teeming with diversity, with over 250 ethnic groups and 500 languages.

While the majority of Nigerians identify as either Christian or Muslim, some groups still practice traditional Nigerian religions.

Their constitution defines them as a democratic secular state.

Currently, Nigeria is experiencing an economic boom.

It has one of the largest economies in the world, and it's still growing.

However, with the quality of life, Nigeria is not considered a first-world country.

Its scores on the Human Development Index are low.

Despite this, Nigeria is a country that is on the rise.

It is a founding member of the African Union, and it ranks on the list of the "Next Eleven" economies on track to be the largest in the world.

Nigerians call their country Naija to express their patriotism.

The Naija people pride themselves on their intelligence and strength.

Naija History

Pre-Middle Ages

The early civilisations of northern Nigeria date back to 999 AD, based on records found in cities such as Kano and Katsina.

Also in northern Nigeria was the Nok civilisation, which thrived from 1500 BC to 200 AD.

The terracotta figures that have been discovered in the country are some of the oldest sculptures found in sub-Saharan Africa.

Nigeria held out against colonisation for hundreds of years.

Beginning in the 10th century, the Igbo people of the Kingdom of Nri resisted conquest from outsiders until Britain took over in the early 1900s.

Nri is the root of the Igbo culture, which still exists in areas of Nigeria today.

Yoruba, another ethnic group in Nigeria, had major cities in Ife and Oyo.

The earliest signs of settlement in Ife date back to the 9th century.

Pre-British Nigeria

The kingdom of Oyo once stretched from western Nigeria to present-day Togo.

At one point, the Benin empire reached as far as the city of Eko (modern-day Lagos) and beyond.

The Benin empire eventually became the country of Benin.

A significant development came in the 1800s when a successful jihad established the Sokoto Caliphate.

The territory controlled by the Sunni leader Usman dan Fodio lasted until 1903 when European colonisation led to the break-up of the Empire into various colonies.

During the Middle Ages, Nigeria reigned as a trade power.

Trade routes in the country led all over western, northern, and central Africa.

In the 16th century, Nigeria began direct trade with Portuguese explorers.

Much of this trade occurred along the coast.

This period also marked the beginning of the Atlantic slave trade by European powers, including Portugal, Great Britain, and the Netherlands.

Nigeria was home to many major slave-trading posts, including the Bight of Biafra, Badagry, the Bight of Benin, and Bonny Island.

Most of the slaves traded here were victims of war and raids.

Numerous slave routes emerged, linking the inland areas with the coastal trading posts.

Some of the prominent slave traders included the Oyo Empire, the Aro Confederacy, and the Sokoto Caliphate.

Slavery was widespread in the Caliphate.

Most slave labours were agricultural, and by the late 1800s, the area held the most significant slave concentration in the world.

It's estimated that the Sokoto Caliphate had over 2 million slaves.

Colonial Nigeria

Great Britain outlawed the international slave trade in 1807 and established the West Africa Squadron in an attempt to stop the slave trade.

They enforced punishment of anyone caught trying to smuggle slaves and re-settled the seized slaves in Freetown, a West African colony.

After Britain established an anti-slave trade leadership in Lagos, a treaty was signed in 1852.

Britain declared Lagos, an official colony in 1861.

In the late 1880s, the British established the Royal Niger Company with Sir George Taubman Goldie as its leader.

Slowly, Britain consolidated its hold in modern-day Nigeria.

The country finally became part of the British Empire in 1901.

Britain allowed the establishment of Christian missions in the colony, but it did not discourage the practice of Islamic religion.

They also did not encourage Christian missions in the Islamic parts of the country.

This established regional differences, which still exist today.

Naija Civil War, Independence, & Democracy

The country gained independence from Britain in 1960 although they retained the Queen as the head of state.

In 1963, the country established the Federal Republic.

Cultural differences between ethnic groups were noticeable.

A series of successive military coups led to repeated overthrows of the government.

In 1967, tensions came to a head and led to a civil war that lasted 30 months.

Estimates put the number of dead anywhere between one to three million people.

Foreign countries such as Britain, France, the Soviet Union, Israel, and Egypt were involved in the conflict as well.

Nigeria remained unstable for over 30 years.

Military groups reigned, and unrest continued until eventually, the country established a democracy.

They adopted a new constitution in 1999, giving birth to the modern nation and government of Nigeria.

While some of the problems from years of military rule remained, the democratisation of the country has put them on a track to becoming a world power.

Naija Government

Nigeria's present-day government is a federal republic.

The structure of governance has been modelled after the United States. Executive power rests with the President.

The country elects presidents by popular vote, with term limits of 2 four-year terms.

General Muhammadu Buhari, the current President, was elected in 2015 and re-elected in 2019 for his second term.

A Senate and House of Representatives comprise the National Assembly, which balances presidential powers.

Their Senate holds 109 Senators - 3 from every state and one from the capital city of Abuja (the capital).

Senators are elected by popular vote.

The House of Representative holds 360 seats.

The number of representatives is based on the population size of each state.

The country's two major parties are the People's Democratic Party of Nigeria and the All Progressive Congress.

The parties are mainly secular and pre-national.

Corruption has plagued the country since its independence, with many critics citing a culture of corruption in the government and electoral processes.

However, Nigeria has demonstrated notable efforts to address governmental corruption.

Naija Geography

Nigeria is the world's 32nd largest country, comparable to Venezuela.

It is about two times the size of the US state of California.

The highest point in the country is Chappal Waddi, a hill that measures 2,419 metres tall.

The principal rivers are the Niger and the Benue, which empty into the Niger Delta.

This delta is one of the world's largest and is home to a large population of Central African mangroves.

In the south, tropical rainforest climates dominate the land with an annual rainfall of over 60 inches.

The southeast holds the Obudu Plateau, and coastal plains characterise the southwest and southeast.

Between the far south and far north is a savannah.

Rainfall is minimal, and the area holds the Guinean forest-savanna mosaic, Sahel savannah, and Sudan savannah.

Lake Chad is in the dry northeast corner of the country, shared with Cameroon, Chad, and Niger.

Economy

Nigeria is a mixed economy emerging market.

The World Bank states that the country has reached a lower-middle-income status, placing it in a higher tier than most of Africa.

The country's stock exchange is the second largest in the continent and ranked as the 21st in GDP worldwide in 2015.

Nigeria supplies 11% of America's oil imports and is the largest trading partner of the US in sub-Saharan Africa.

The US is its largest foreign investor.

As of 2014, Nigeria has overtaken South Africa to become the biggest economy in Africa.

Nigeria's most lucrative market is the oil industry.

They are the world's 12th largest producer and the 8th largest exporter of oil.

While most of the oil fields are small, they account for about 62% of production.

The 16 largest fields produce 38% as of 1990.

Agriculture is a significant trade in the country, with about 30% of its people employed in this sector.

Major crops include beans, maize, palm oil, rubber, rice, soybeans, and more.

Cocoa is the leading non-oil exchange earner.

However, the growth of the agricultural sector has failed to keep up with Nigeria's population boom.

The country relies mostly on imports for food.

Society

In less than 20 years, Nigeria saw a 60% population increase.

As of 2017, the population stands at around 191 million people.

Most of the population is under the age of 14, with the second-largest age group being 25-54 years old.

The median age was 18.4 years old in the 2017 census.

The country makes up about 17% of the total population of Africa.

As of 2019, one in six Africans is Nigerian.

Lagos is the largest city in the country, with an estimated population of over 13 million people.

The country has been home to over 521 languages although nine of them are now extinct languages.

The country's official language is English, chosen to help unite the country during British rule.

The Naija people have over 250 ethnicities.

The largest ethnic groups in the country are also some of the oldest - the Hausa, the Yoruba, and the Igbo.

This three account for over 70% of the population.

Other major ethnicities include the Edo, Ijaw, Kanuri, Jukun, and Igala.

These make up 25-30%, and other minority groups comprise the remaining 5%.

The government provides free education, but attendance is not required, so many lower-class groups are under-served.

The education system is made up of six years of primary school, three years of junior secondary, three years of senior secondary, and 4-6 years of university education in many areas.

Organised crime is an issue in Nigeria, particularly with drug trafficking.

Heroin and cocaine are the main products of the drug trade.

There are also some cults with political power and connections to officials.

Corruption is overwhelmingly prevalent, and piracy is also a problem.

The country has a poor record of human rights.

The US Department of State cites issues of human trafficking and sexual violence.

Discrimination and violence based on race, religion, and ethnicity are also widespread.

In the northern states, Muslim Shari'a law harshly punishes offences that range from homosexuality to drinking alcohol.

The country is well known for its homophobic stances.

As recently as 2014, a signed law decreed that married gay couples could face 14 years in prison.

Those helping them could face ten years.

Although the country signed the Maputo Protocol, a treaty securing women's rights, women in the country still face discrimination.

Forced marriages are common, as is child marriage.

Both are considered in some political platforms.

Tourism

The primary source of tourism for the country is cultural and ethnic events, but the natural scenery of some areas is also a huge draw.

Millennium Park in Abuja is a large, famous park that opened in 2003.

Lagos draws in the most significant number of tourists.

Lagos is making strides to become a global city with power in the world's economy.

Many national and international festivals take place within the city.

It has become an essential part of Naija identity.

The country is also home to many beautiful beaches.

Culture

The main religions of Nigeria are Christianity and Islam, with many ethnic groups also practising traditional Nigerian religions.

The country is known for its influence on African music, especially Afrobeat and palm-wine music.

Native music and jazz have been combined to create compelling sounds for modern music.

The other main cultural component of Nigeria is the food.

Its rich flavours and unique spices create deep flavoured sauces and soups.

The food is vibrant and delicious.

Football is the country's leading sport.

The Super Eagles, the national football team, have reached the World Cup multiple times.

Nigeria is a growing and thriving country.

Its economy, its government, its people, and its culture all have a significant impact on the world.

As they grow, the world changes with them.

Yohaig.ng is an aggregated 247 Naija news website loaded with the latest Naijanews from different sources in Nigeria.

It showcases breaking newsworthy stories from over 30 of the top news sources in Nigeria.

Yohaig was set-up to be a central place where you can get all your legit Naija news together on one website.

We cover the following topics: Current Newspaper Headlines, Television Breaking News, Entertainment, Amebo Gist & Gossip, Hashtag #Naija, #Nigeria Twitter Tweets, Business, Job Listings, Technology and Sports News.

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Entertainment sources: Bella Naija, Linda Ikeji, Cool FM 96.9, Wazobia FM 95.1, The Beat FM 99.9, Smooth FM 98.1, Nigeria Info FM 99.3, YNaija, Mark Angel Comedy, NotJustOk, SoundCity TV, TooXclusive, Wazobia Max TV, 360nobs, Flip TV, Hip TV, Nairaland, Nigerian Comedy Skits, Nigerian Films, NollywoodHeart, Pulse Nigeria, Layefa Beauty, Dimma Umeh, Thebeauticianchic, FloChinyere, SisiYemmieTV, Zeelicious Foods, Nollywoodpicturestv, Naijas Craziest & Pulse Nigeria 24/7.

Instagram sources: Instablog9ja, Tunde Ednut, AYComedian, Davido, Ebuka Obi-Uchendu, Funke Akindele, Gossip Mill Nigeria, OloriSuperGal, Tiwa Savage, Uche Jumbo, Wizkid & Yemi Alade.

Newspaper sources: Vanguard Newspaper, Guardian Nigeria News, Daily Trust, Leadership, The SUN News Online, ThisDay Newspaper, PUNCH Newspaper, The Daily Post, The Nation Newspaper, NewTelegraph & Nigerian Tribune.

TV sources: Channels TV, Arise News, NTA News, Sahara TV, TV360 Nigeria, Lagos Television, African Independent Television (AIT), Silverbird Television & TVC News.

Jobs sources: Hot Nigerian Jobs & NGCareers.

Naija news sources: P.M. News, Premium Times & Sahara Reporters.

Technology sources: TechCabal & TechPoint Africa.

Sports sources: SuperSport, Sky Sports Football, Goal.com, Complete Sports, Metro Football, TalkSport, Vanguard Sports, The SUN Football, The Nation Sports, Premium Times Sports & Guardian Sports.

Business news sources: Guardian Business, PremiumTimes Business, The Nation Business & Vanguard Business.

YouTube Video sources: Africa Magic & Naijaloaded TV

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